Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify maize haploid plants and compare the efficiency of identification of maize haploid plants using the R1-nj morphological marker, plant vigor, flow cytometry, chromosome counting, and microsatellite molecular markers under tropical conditions. We also established a protocol for chromosome duplication in maize haploid plants. Fourteen S0:1 and seven S2:3 haploid inducer progenies were crossed with GNZ9501 in 2012/2013 and 2014/2015, respectively. Through use of the R1-nj trait, we were able to identify 552 putative haploid seeds in 2012/2013 and 260 putative haploid seeds in 2014/2015. Only 1.84% were true positives according to flow cytometry in 2012/2013. In 2014/2015, 75% of the putative haploids were true negatives according to molecular markers. Plant vigor had a high proportion of true negatives. Molecular markers and flow cytometry are more efficient in classifying plant ploidy level. Chromosome duplication was efficient in all plants.